NEMATODE

線蟲之取食型態 (Feeding types)

Scientific name

Common name

Chinese name

Feeding type*

No. in C.I.H.**

Afrina wevelli

Seed gall nematode

種瘤線蟲

A1, A5, B

 

Anguina spp.

Seed gall nematodes, Shoot gall nematodes

種癭線蟲

A1, A5, B

 

 Anguina agrostis

Bentgrass nematode

剪股草線蟲

A1, A5, B

Set 2, No. 20

 Anguina graminis

Fescure leaf gall nematode

羊茅草葉瘤線蟲

A1, A5, B

Set 4, No. 53

 Anguina tritici

Wheat gall nematode, Ear-cockle nematode, Seed-gall nematode

小麥種癭線蟲

A1, A5, B

Set 1, No. 13

Aphelenchoides spp.

Bud and leaf nematodes, Foliar nematodes

葉芽線蟲

A2, A5, B

 

 Aphelenchoides besseyi

Rice white-tip nematode, Spring dwarf nematode, Strawberry bud nematode, White-tip nematode

水稻白尖線蟲

A5, B

Set 1, No. 4

 Aphelenchoides composticola

Mushroom nematode

洋菇線蟲

A5, B

Set 7, No. 92

 Aphelenchoides fragariae

Strawberry foliar nematode, Begonia leaf nematode, Fern nematode, Spring crimp nematode, Strawberry bud nematode, Strawberry nematode, Summer dwarf nematode

草莓葉芽線蟲

A2, B

Set 5, No. 74

 Aphelenchoides olesistus

Fern nematode

蕨類線蟲

A2, B

 

 Aphelenchoides ribes

Currant nematode

黑醋栗線蟲

A2, B

 

 Aphelenchoides ritzemabosi

Chrysanthemum foliar nematode, Black currant nematode, Chrysanthemum leaf nematode, Chrysanthemum nematode

菊花葉芽線蟲

A2, B

Set 3, No. 32

Aphelenchus avenae

 

 

B

Set 4, No. 50

Belonolaimus spp.

Sting nematodes

刺線蟲

A5

 

 Belonolaimus gracilis

Pine sting nematode, Sting nematode

松樹刺線蟲

A5

 

 Belonolaimus longicaudatus

Sting nematode

刺線蟲

A5

Set 3, No. 40

Bursaphelenchus spp.

Pine wood nematodes

松材線蟲

A2, B

 

 Bursaphelenchus xylophilus

Pine wood nematode

松材線蟲

A2, B

 

 Bursaphelenchus mucronatus

 

擬松材線蟲

A2, B

 

Cacopaurus spp.

Sessile nematodes

固著線蟲

A1

 

 Cacopaurus epacris

California sessile nematode

加州固著線蟲

A1

 

 Cacopaurus pestis

Walnut sessile nematode, Persian sessile nematode

核桃固著線蟲

A1

Set 3, No. 44

Cactodera spp.

Cyst nematodes

包囊線蟲

A1

 

 Cactodera amaranthi

Amaranth cyst nematode

莧包囊線蟲

A1

 

 Cactodera betulae

Birch cyst nematode

樺木包囊線蟲

A1

 

 Cactodera cacti

Cactus cyst nematode

仙人掌包囊線蟲

A1

 

 Cactodera estonica

Estonian cyst nematode

愛沙尼亞包囊線蟲

A1

 

 Cactodera thornei

Thorne's cyst nematode

頌恩氏包囊線蟲

A1

 

 Cactodera weissi

Knotweed cyst nematode

(蓼科)包囊線蟲

A1

 

Caenorhabditis spp.

 

 

C

 

Criconema spp.

Ring nematodes, Spine nematodes

環形線蟲

A4

 

 Criconema civellae

Citrus spine nematode

柑桔線蟲

A4

 

 Criconema decalineatum

Fig spine nematode

無花果環形線蟲

A4

 

 Criconema palmatum

 

 

A4

Set 4, No. 57

 Criconema spinalineatum

Zoysia spine nematode

結縷草環形線蟲

A4

 

Criconemoides spp.

Ring nematodes

環形線蟲

A4

 

 Criconemoides citri

Citrus ring nematode

柑桔環形線蟲

A4

 

 Criconemoides simile

Cobb's ring nematode

克伯氏環形線蟲

A4

 

Cryphodera eucalypti

Eucalypt cystoid nematode

桉包囊形線蟲

A1

 

Ditylenchus spp.

Bulb and stem nematodes, Bulb or stem nematodes

莖線蟲

A2, A2, B

 

 Ditylenchus angustus

Rice stem nematode

水稻莖線蟲

A2, B

Set 5, No. 64

 Ditylenchus destructor

Potato rot nematode, Iris nematode, Potato tuber eelworm, Potato tuber nematode

馬鈴薯腐敗線蟲

A2, B

Set 2, No. 21

 Ditylenchus dipsaci

Bud and stem nematode, Beet stem nematode, Bulb nematode, Clover stem nematode, Onion stem nematode, Phlox stem nematode, Stem nematode, Teasel nematode, Tulip root nematode

球莖線蟲

A2, A2, B

Set 1, No. 14

 Ditylenchus myceliophagus

Mushroom spawn nematode

洋菇菌體線蟲

A2, B

Set 3, No. 36

Dolichodorus spp.

Awl nematodes

錐線蟲

A5

 

 Dolichodorus heterocephalous

Cobb's awl nematode

克伯氏錐線蟲

A5

Set 4, No. 56

Dorylaimus spp.

Spear nematodes

矛線蟲

A2, C, D

 

Globodera spp.

Cyst nematodes

包囊線蟲

A1

 

 Globodera achilleae

Yarrow cyst nematode

西洋耆草包囊線蟲

A1

 

 Globodera mali

Apple cyst nematode

蘋果線蟲

A1

 

 Globodera millefolii

Milfoil cyst nematode

耆草包囊線蟲

A1

 

 Globodera pallida

Potato cyst nematode

馬鈴薯包囊線蟲

A1

Set 2, No. 17

 Globodera rostochiensis

Golden nematode of potato, Golden nematode, Gold-plated nematode, Potato cyst eelworm, Potato cyst nematode, Potato nematode, Potato root eelworm, Potato root nematode

黃金線蟲

A1

Set 2, No. 16

 Globodera tabacum

Tobacco cyst nematode

菸草包囊線蟲

A1

 

 Globodera tabacum

  solanacearum

Osborne's cyst nematode

歐斯鵬氏包囊線蟲

A1

 

 Globodera tabacum virginiae

Horsenettle cyst nematode

蕁麻包囊線蟲

A1

 

Gracilacus spp.

Pin nematodes

釘線蟲

A3

 

Helicotylenchus spp.

Spiral nematodes

螺旋形線蟲

A1, A3, A4

 

 Helicotylenchus africanus

African spiral nematode

非洲螺旋形線蟲

A4

 

 Helicotylenchus dihystera

Steiner's spiral nematode

斯汀爾氏螺旋形線蟲

A4

Set 1, No. 9

 Helicotylenchus erythrinae

Grass spiral nematode, Zimmerman's spiral nematode

雜草螺旋形線蟲

A4

 

 Helicotylenchus multicinctus

Banana spiral nematode, Cobb's spiral nematode

香蕉螺旋形線蟲

A1

Set 2, No. 23

Hemicriconemoides spp.

Sheathoid nematodes

鞘線蟲

A4

 

 Hemicriconemoides biformis

Oak sheathoid nematode

橡木鞘線蟲

A4

 

 Hemicriconemoides chitwoodi

 

 

A4

Set 3, No. 41

 Hemicriconemoides floridensis

Pine sheathoid nematode

松樹鞘線蟲

A4

 

 Hemicriconemoides wessoni

Wesson's sheathoid nematode

維森氏鞘線蟲

A4

 

Hemicycliophora spp.

Sheath nematodes

鞘線蟲

A4

 

 Hemicycliophora arenaria

Peanut sheath nematode

花生鞘線蟲

A4

Set 3, No. 43

 Hemicycliophora parvana

Tarjan's sheath nematode

達雋氏鞘線蟲

A4

 

 Hemicycliophora similis

Grass sheath nematode

雜草鞘線蟲

A4

 

Heterodera spp.

Cyst nematodes, Cyst-forming nematodes, Root nematodes

包囊線蟲

A1

 

 Heterodera amygdali

Almond cyst nematode

杏包囊線蟲

A1

 

 Heterodera avenae

Oat cyst nematode, Cereal cyst nematode, Cereal root nematode, Cereals root nematode, Great root nematode, Oat nematode, Oat root nematode

燕麥包囊線蟲

A1

Set 1, No. 2

 Heterodera cajani

Pigeon pea nematode, Cajanus cyst cyst nematode

木豆包囊線蟲

A1

 

 Heterodera cardiolata

Bermudagrass cyst nematode, Heart-shaped cyst nematode, Valentine cyst nematode

百慕達草包囊線蟲

A1

 

 Heterodera carotae

Carrot cyst nematode, Carrot root nematode

胡蘿蔔包囊線蟲

A1

Set 5, No. 61

 Heterodera cruciferae

Cabbage cyst nematode, Brassica root eelworm, Brassica root nematode, Cabbage nematode, Cabbage root nematode

白菜包囊線蟲

A1

Set 6, No. 90

 Heterodera cyperi

Nutgrass cyst nematode, Sedge cyst nematode

莎草包囊線蟲

A1

 

 Heterodera elachista

Japanese cyst nematode

日本包囊線蟲

A1

 

 Heterodera fici

Fig cyst nematode, Ficus cyst nematode, Rubber cyst nematode

無花果包囊線蟲

A1

 

 Heterodera galeopsidis

Galeopsis cyst nematode, Galeopsis root nematode

 

A1

 

 Heterodera glycines

Soybean cyst nematode

大豆包囊線蟲

A1

Set 8, No.118

 Heterodera goettingiana

Pea cyst nematode, Alfalfa root nematode, Pea root eelworm, Pea root nematode

豌豆包囊線蟲

A1

Set 4, No. 47

 Heterodera graduni

Buckwheat cyst nematode

蕎麥包囊線蟲

A1

 

 Heterodera hordecalis

Barley cyst nematode

大麥包囊線蟲

A1

 

 Heterodera humuli

Hop cyst nematode, Hop nematode, Hop root nematode

蛇麻包囊線蟲

A1

Set 7, No.105

 Heterodera latipons

Cereal cyst nematode, Wheat cyst nematode, Mediterranean cereal cyst nematode

小麥包囊線蟲

A1

 

 Heterodera lespedezae

Lespedeza cyst nematode

胡枝子包囊線蟲

A1

 

 Heterodera longicolla

Kansas cyst nematode

堪薩斯州包囊線蟲

A1

 

 Heterodera major

Oat cyst nematode, Cereals root eelworm

燕麥包囊線蟲

A1

 

 Heterodera medicaginis

Lucerne cyst nematode

苜蓿包囊線蟲

A1

 

 Heterodera mothi

Cyperus cyst nematode, Motha cyst nematode

莎草包囊線蟲

A1

 

 Heterodera oryzae

Rice cyst nematode

水稻包囊線蟲

A1

Set 7, No. 91

 Heterodera oxiana

Camel thorn cyst nematode, Amu-Darya nematode

 

A1

 

 Heterodera rosii

Dock cyst nematode

酸模包囊線蟲

A1

 

 Heterodera rumicis

Rumex cyst nemtode

酸模包囊線蟲

A1

 

 Heterodera sacchari

Sugar cane cyst nematode

甘蔗包囊線蟲

A1

Set 4, No. 48

 Heterodera salixophila

Willow cyst nematode

柳樹包囊線蟲

A1

 

 Heterodera schachtii

Sugar beet cyst nematode, Beet nematode, Sugar beet nematode, Sugar cane cyst nematode

甜菜包囊線蟲

A1

Set 1, No. 1

 Heterodera scleranthii

Knawel cyst nematode

 

A1

 

 Heterodera sonchophila

Sowthistle cyst nematode

苦苣菜包囊線蟲

A1

 

 Heterodera tadshikistanica

Tadzhik cyst nematode

 

A1

 

 Heterodera trifolii

Clover cyst nematode, Clover root nematode

三葉草包囊線蟲

A1

Set 4, No. 46

 Heterodera turcomanica

Turkmen cyst nematode

土庫曼包囊線蟲

A1

 

 Heterodera urticae

Nettle cyst nematode

蕁麻包囊線蟲

A1

 

 Heterodera ustinovi

Ustinov cyst nematode

 

A1

 

 Heterodera vigni

Cowpea cyst nematode

豇豆包囊線蟲

A1

 

 Heterodera zeae

Corn cyst nematode

玉米包囊線蟲

A1

 

Heterorhabditis spp.

Heterorhabditids

異小桿線蟲

C, E

 

Hirschmanniella spp.

Rice blind root nematodes, Root nematodes

穿根線蟲

A2

 

 Hirschmanniella oryzae

Rice root nematode

水稻線蟲

A2

Set 2, No. 26

Hoplolaimus spp.

Lance nematodes

冠線蟲

A3

 

 Hoplolaimus columbus

Columbia nematode

哥倫比亞冠線蟲

A3

Set 6, No. 81

 Hoplolaimus galeatus

Cobb's lance nematode

克伯氏冠線蟲

A3

Set 2, No. 24

 Hoplolaimus tylenchiformis

Crown-headed lance nematode

頭冠形冠線蟲

A3

 

Hypsoperine graminis

Pseudo root-knot nematode

偽根瘤線蟲

A1

 

Longidorella spp.

 

 

A5

 

Longidorous spp.

Needle nematodes

針線蟲

A5

 

 Longidorus elongatus

 

 

A5

Set 2, No. 30

 Longidorus sylphus

Thorne's needle nematode

頌恩氏針線蟲

A5

 

Meloidodera spp.

Cystoid nematodes

包囊形線蟲

A1

 

 Meloidodera floridensis

Pine cystoid nematode

松樹包囊形線蟲

A1

 

 Meloidodera tadshikistanica

Tadzhik cystoid nematode

 

A1

 

Meloidoderita spp.

Cystoid body nematodes

包囊體線蟲

A1

 

Meloidogyne spp.

Root-knot nematodes, Gall-forming nematodes, Root-gall nematodes

根瘤根瘤線蟲

A1

 

 Meloidogyne acronea

Sorghum root-knot nematode

高粱根瘤線蟲

A1

Set 8, No.114

 Meloidogyne arenaria

Peanut root-knot nematode

花生根瘤線蟲

A1

Set 5, No. 62

 Meloidogyne artiellia

British root-knot nematode

不列顛根瘤線蟲

A1

 

 Meloidogyne brevicauda

Tea root-knot nematode, Indian root-knot nematode

茶樹根瘤線蟲

A1

 

 Meloidogyne camelliae

Camellia root-knot nematode

山茶根瘤線蟲

A1

 

 Meloidogyne carolinensis

Blueberry root-knot nematode

藍莓根瘤線蟲

A1

 

 Meloidogyne chitwoodi

Columbia root-knot nematode

哥倫比亞根瘤線蟲

A1

Set 8, No.106

 Meloidogyne exigua

Coffee root-knot nematode, Brazilian root-knot nematode

咖啡根瘤線蟲

A1

Set 4, No. 49

 Meloidogyne graminicola

Rice root-knot nematode

水稻根瘤線蟲

A1

Set 6, No. 87

 Meloidogyne hapla

Northern root-knot nematode

北方根瘤線蟲

A1

Set 3, No. 31

 Meloidogyne hispanica

Seville root-knot nematode

酸橙根瘤線蟲

A1

 

 Meloidogyne incognita

Southern root-knot nematode

南方根瘤線蟲

A1

Set 2, No. 18

 Meloidogyne incognita acrita

Cotton root-knot nematode

棉花根瘤線蟲

A1

 

 Meloidogyne indica

Citrus root-knot nematode

柑桔根瘤線蟲

A1

 

 Meloidogyne inornata

Brazilian root-knot nematode

巴西根瘤線蟲

A1

 

 Meloidogyne javanica

Javanese root-knot nematode

爪哇根瘤線蟲

A1

Set 1, No. 3

 Meloidogyne kikuyuensis

Kikuyu grass nematode

 

A1

 

 Meloidogyne konaensis

Kona coffee root-knot nematode

柯納咖啡根瘤線蟲

A1

 

 Meloidogyne mali

Apple root-knot nematode

蘋果根瘤線蟲

A1

 

 Meloidogyne microtyla

Canadian root-knot nematode

加拿大根瘤線蟲

A1

 

 Meloidogyne nassi

Barley root-knot nematode, Cereal root-knot nematode

大麥根瘤線蟲

A1

Set 2, No. 19

 Meloidogyne ovalis

Maple root-knot nematode

槭根瘤線蟲

A1

 

 Meloidogyne platani

Sycamore root-knot nematode

懸鈴木根瘤線蟲

A1

 

 Meloidogyne querciana

Oak root-knot nematode

橡木根瘤線蟲

A1

 

 Meloidogyne sasseri

Beachgrass root-knot nematode

海濱草根瘤線蟲

A1

 

 Meloidogyne tadshikistanica

Tadzhik root-knot nematode

 

A1

 

 Meloidogyne thamesi

Thames' root-knot nematode

泰晤士根瘤線蟲

A1

 

Mesoanguina picridis

Knapweed nematode

矢車菊線蟲

A1

 

Mononchus spp.

 

 

D

 

Nacobbodera chitwoodi

Douglas Fir nematode

道格拉斯冷杉線蟲

A1

 

Nacobbus spp.

False root-knot nematodes

偽根瘤線蟲

A1

 

 Nacobbus batatiformis

False root-knot nematode of sugar beets, Cobb's root-knot nematode, Hairy-gall nematode

甜菜偽根瘤線蟲

A1

 

Neotylenchus spp.

 

 

A2

 

Panagrellus spp.

 

 

A5

 

 Panagrellus redivivus

Sour paste nematode

酸糊線蟲

A5

 

 Panagrellus silusiae

Beer nematode

啤酒花線蟲

A5

 

Paralongidorus spp.

Needle nematodes

針線蟲

A5

 

Pararotylenchus spp.

 

 

A3

 

Paratrichodorus spp.

Stubby root nematodes

殘根線蟲

A5

 

Paratylenchus spp.

Pin nematodes

釘線蟲

A4

 

 Paratylenchus curvitatus

Carnation pin nematode, South African pin nematode

康乃馨釘線蟲

A4

 

 Paratylenchus dianthus

Carnation pin nematode

康乃馨釘線蟲

A4

 

 Paratylenchus elachistus

Ramie pin nematode

苧麻釘線蟲

A4

 

 Paratylenchus hamatus

Fig pin nematode

無花果釘線蟲

A4

 

 Paratylenchus projectus

 

 

A4

Set 5, No. 71

Pratylenchus spp.

Root-lesion nematodes, Meadow nematodes, Lesion nematodes

根腐線蟲

A2

 

 Pratylenchus brachyurus

Godfrey's root-lesion nematode, Godfrey's meadow nematode, Smooth-headed lesion nematode, Smooth-headed nematode

蓋德佛瑞氏根腐線蟲

A2

Set 6, No. 89

 Pratylenchus coffeae

Coffee root-lesion nematode, Banana meadow nematode, Banana root-lesion nematode, Coffee meadow nematode

咖啡根腐線蟲

(南方根腐線蟲)

A2

Set 1, No. 6

 Pratylenchus leiocephalus

Smooth-headed meadow nematode

平頭形根腐線蟲

A2

 

 Pratylenchus loosi

Tea root-lesion nematode

茶樹根腐線蟲

A2

Set 7, No. 98

 Pratylenchus musicola

Banana nematode

香蕉根腐線蟲

A2

 

 Pratylenchus neglectus

California root-lesion nematode, California meadow nematode

加州根腐線蟲

A2

 

 Pratylenchus penetrans

Cobb's root lesion nematode, Cobb's meadow nematode, De Man's meadow nematode, De Man's root-lesion nematode

克伯氏根腐線蟲

(北方根腐線蟲)

A2

Set 2, No. 25

 Pratylenchus scribneri

Scribner's root-lesion nematode, Scribner's lesion nematode, Scribner's meadow nematode

史克萊博爾氏根腐線蟲

A2

 

 Pratylenchus thornei

Thorne's root-lesion nematode, Thorne's meadow nematode

頌恩氏根腐線蟲

A2

Set 8, No.110

 Pratylenchus vulnus

Walnut root-lesion nematode, Walnut meadow nematode

胡桃根腐線蟲

A2

Set 3, No. 37

 Pratylenchus zeae

Corn root-lesion nematode, Corn meadow nematode

玉米根腐線蟲

A2

Set 6, No. 77

Pterotylenchus cecidogenus

Stem gall nematode

莖瘤線蟲

A1, B

 

Punctodera punctata

Grass cyst nematode

雜草包囊線蟲

A1

Set 7, No.102

Radopholus spp.

Burrowing nematodes

穿孔線蟲

A2

 

 Radopholus citriphorus

 

穿孔線蟲

A2

 

 Radopholus oryzae

Rice-root nematode

水稻線蟲

A2

 

 Radopholus similis

Burrowing nematode, Banana-root nematode

穿孔線蟲

A2

Set 2, No. 27

Rhabditis spp.

 

 

C

 

Rhabditoides spp.

 

 

C

 

Rhadinaphelenchus cocophilus

Red ring nematode, Coconut nematode, Coconut palm nematode, Cocopalm nematode

椰子紅輪線蟲

A2

Set 5, No. 72

Rotylenchulus spp.

Reniform nematodes

腎形線蟲

A3

 

 Rotylenchulus reniformis

Reniform nematode, Kidney-shaped nematode

腎形線蟲

A3

Set 1, No. 5

Rotylenchus spp.

Spiral nematodes

螺旋形線蟲

A3, A4

 

 Rotylenchus buxophilus

Boxwood spiral nematode

黃楊螺旋形線蟲

A4

Set 4, No. 55

 Rotylenchus christiei

Turf spiral nematode

草皮螺旋形線蟲

A4

 

 Rotylenchus uniformis

Thorne's lance nematode

頌恩氏螺旋形線蟲

A4

 

Scutellonema spp.

Spiral nematodes

螺旋形線蟲

A2, A4

 

 Scutellonema blaberum

West African spiral nematode

西非螺旋形線蟲

A4

 

 Scutellonema brachyurum

Carolina spiral nematode, British spiral nematode

卡羅萊納螺旋形線蟲

A4

Set 4, No. 54

 Scutellonema bradys

Yam nematode

山藥螺旋形線蟲

A2

Set 1, No. 10

 Scutellonema christiei

Christie's spiral nematode

克里斯提螺旋形線蟲

A4

 

Sphaeronema spp.

 

 

A1

 

 Sphaeronema californicum

 

 

A1

Set 5, No. 70

Steinernema spp.

Steinernainatid

斯氏線蟲

C, E

 

Subanguina radicicola

Grass root-gall nematode

雜草根瘤線蟲

A1, B

 

Thecavermiculatus andinus

Round cystoid nematode

圓包囊形線蟲

A1

 

Trichodorus spp.

Stubby root nematodes

殘根線蟲

A5, B

 

 Trichodorus christiei

Christie's stubby root nematode

克里斯提氏殘根線蟲線蟲

A5

 

 Trichodorus kurumeensis

Stubby root nematode

殘根線蟲

A5

 

 Trichodorus pachydermis

Seinhorst's stubby root nematode

辛赫斯特氏殘根線蟲

A5

 

 Trichodorus primitivus

Cobb's stubby root nematode

克伯氏殘根線蟲

A5

Set 1, No. 15

Trophorus spp.

 

 

A5

 

Turbatrix aceti

Vinegar nematode, Vinegar eels

醋線蟲

C

 

Tylenchorhynchus spp.

Stunt nematodes, Stylet nematodes

矮化線蟲

A5

 

 Tylenchorhynchus claytoni

Tobacco stunt nematode, Tesselate stylet nematode

菸草矮化線蟲

A5

Set 3, No. 39

 Tylenchorhynchus martini

Rice stunt nematode, Sugar cane stylet nematode

水稻矮化線蟲

A5

 

Tylenchulus semipenetrans

Citrus nematode, Citrus root nematode

柑桔(鴕形)線蟲

A3

Set 3, No. 34

Tylenchus spp.

 

 

A5, A6

 

 Tylenchus davainei

 

 

A5, A6

Set 7, No. 97

Xiphinema spp.

Dagger nematodes

(匕首)線蟲

A5

 

 Xiphinema americanum

American dagger nematode

美洲劍線蟲

A5

Set 2, No. 29

 Xiphinema chambersi

Chamber's dagger nematode

腔室劍線蟲

A5

 

 Xiphinema diversicaudatum

European dagger nematode

歐洲劍線蟲

A5

Set 4, No. 60

 Xiphinema index

California dagger nematode

加州劍線蟲

A5

Set 3, No. 45

 Xiphinema nigeriense

Nigerian dagger nematode

奈及利亞劍線蟲

A5

 

 Xiphinema radicicola

Pacific dagger nematode

太平洋劍線蟲

A5

 

Zygotylenchus spp.

 

 

A2

 

Zygotylenchus guevarai

 

 

A2

Set 5, No. 65

 * : above ground;  ↓: under ground;  A: plant feeding;  1: sedentary endoparasite;  2: migratory endoparasite;  

   3:  sedentary semi-endoparasite;  4: sedentary ectoparasite;  5: migratory ectoparasite;  6: feeding on algae, lichen

   and moss;  B: fungal feeding;  C: bacterial feeding;  D: animal predation;  E: animal parasite

   ( Muller, et al., 1985.)

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