NEMATODE

臺灣作物上寄生之主要植物線蟲

表一、臺灣蔬菜作物上寄生之主要植物線蟲

Table 1. Major nematodes found parasitizing veqetables in Taiwan

Host plant                                                                   Common name                      Nematode

Leguminosae  豆科

  Pisum sativum L.豌豆                                             Garden pea                             Meloidogyne incognita 

  Arachis hypogaea L.落花生                                   Peanut                                      M. arenaria

  Phaseolus vulgaris L.四季豆                                  Kidney bean                            M. incognita

  Glycine max Merr.毛豆                                            Soybean                                   M. incognita

  Vigna sesquipedalis Koern.豇豆                           Cowpea                                   M. incognita

  Phaseolus limensis Macf.皇帝豆                           Lima bean                               M. incognita

  Phaseolus aureus Roxb.綠豆                                 Green gram                             M. incognita

  Phaseolus calcaratus Roxb.紅豆                           Small red bean                       M. incognita

  Dolichos lablab Linn.扁豆                                       Indian bean                             M. incognita

Cucurbitaceae  葫蘆科

  Cucumis sativus Linn.胡瓜                                     Cucumber                               M. incognita

  Citrullus vulgaris Schrad.西瓜                                Watermelon                            M. javanica

  Cucumis melo Linn.洋香瓜                                     Melon                                       M. incognita

  Cucumis conomon Thunb.越瓜                             Pickling melon                       M. incognita

  Luffa cylindrica Roem.絲瓜                                     Vegetable sponge                M. incognita

  Cucurbita moschata Duch.南瓜                             Pumpkin                                 M. incognita

  Benincasa hispida Cogn.冬瓜                                Wax gourd.                             M. incognita

  Momordica charantia Linn.苦瓜                             Bitter gourd.                            M. incognita

  Lagenaria siceraria Standl.扁蒲                            Bottle gourd.                           M. incognita

Solanaceae  茄料

  Solanum melongena Linn.茄子                             Egg plant                               M. incognita

  Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.番茄                      Tomato                                  M. incognita

  Capsicum annuum Linn.辣椒                                 Red pepper                          M. incognita

  Capsicum frutescens Linn.甜椒                              Sweet pepper                      M. incognita

  Solanum tuberosum Linn.馬鈴薯                           Potato                                   M. incognita

  Solanum muricatum Oit.南美香瓜梨                      Pepino                                  M. incognita

Cruciferae  十字花科

  Raphanus sativus Linn.蘿蔔                                    Radish                                 M. incognita

  Brassica alboglabra Bail.芥藍                                 Chinese kale                     M. incognita

  Brassica oleracea L. var. capitata  Linn.甘藍        Cabbage                             M. incognita

  Brassica chinensis Linn.小白菜                               Pai-tsai                               M. incognita

Umbelliferae 繖形花科

  Daucus carota L. var. sativa Dc. 胡蘿蔔                 Carrot                                  M. incognita

  Apium graveolens Linn.芹菜                                   Celery                                  M. incognita

  Coriandrum sativum Linn.芫荽                               Coriander                           M. incognita

  Foeniculum vulgare Mill.茴香                                  Fennel                                 M. incognita

Amaryllidaceae石蒜科

  Allium cepa Linn.洋蔥                                               Onion                                  Aphelenchoides besseyi

  Allium fistulosum Linn.蔥                                          Welsh onion                      M. incognita

  Allium ascalonicum Linn.分蔥                                 Red onion                          M. incognita

  Allium odorum Linn.菲                                              Chinese chive                   A. besseyi

  Allium sativum Linn.大蒜                                          Garlic                                  A. besseyi     

Compositae 菊科

  Arctium lappa Linn.牛蒡                                            Great burdock                  M. incognita

  Chrysanthemum coronarium Linn.茼蒿                 Crown daisy                    M. incognita

Zingiberaceae蘘荷科

  Zingiber officinale Rosc.薑                                       Ginger                              M. incognita

Araceae天南星科

  Colocasia esculenta Schott.芋                                  Taro                                 M. incognita

Chenopodiaceae藜科

  Spinacia oleracea Linn.菠菜                                     Spinach                          M. incognita

Convolvulaceae旋花科

  Ipomoea aquatica Forsk.甕菜                                  Water spinach              M. incognita

  Ipomoea batatas Lam.甘薯                                      Sweet potato                 M. incognita

Amaranthaceae莧科

  Amaranthus mangostanus Linn.莧菜                     Edible amaranth          M. incognita

Dioscoreaceae薯蕷科

  Dioscorea alata Linn.山藥                                         Yam                               M. incognita

                                                                                                                                 M. javanica

Labiatae唇形花科

  Perilla frutescens Britt.  var. crispa Decne.紫蘇     Perilla                           M. incognita

  Ocimum basilicum Linn.九層塔                               Basil                             M. incognita

Malvaceae錦葵科

  Abelmoschus esculentus (Linn.)Moench.秋葵      Okra                             M. incognita

                                                                                                                                M. javanica

Rosacese薔薇科

  Fragaria glandiglora Ehrn.草莓                                 Strawberry                  M. hapla

                                                                                                                                M. incognita

                                                                                                                                A.besseyi

Basellaceae落葵科

  Basella rubra Linn.皇宮菜                                          Ceylon spinach         M. incognita

 

表二、臺灣盆栽花卉主要寄生性病原線蟲

Table 2. Major namatode found parasitizing potted flowers in Taiwan

 

Host Plant Common Name Nematode

Balsaminaceae鳳仙花科

   

 Impatiens balsmina鳳仙花

Garden balsam

Meloidogyne incognita

Caryophyllaceae石竹科

 

 

 Dianthus chinensis L.五彩石竹

Rainbow pind

M. incognita

 Dianthus japonicus Thunb.日本石竹

 

M. incognita

 Dianthus caryophyllus L.康乃馨

Carnation

M. incognita

A. besseyi

Compositae 菊科

 

 

 Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat.菊花

Chrysanthemum

M. incognita

 Callistephus chinensis Nees.翠菊

China aster

M. javanica

 Gerbera jamesonii Bolus.非洲菊

African daisy

M. incognita

 Calendula officinalis L.金盞花

Pot marigold

M. incognita

Polemoniaceae花蔥

 

 

 Phlox drummondii Hook.福祿考

Annual phlox

M. incognita

Solanaceae茄科

 

 

 Capsicum annuum L. var. cerasiforme Hort.五彩椒

Ornamental pepper

M. incognita

 Petunia hybrida Hort.矮牽牛

Garden petunia

M. incognita

 Brunfelsia uniflora Don.番茉莉

Yeaterday-today-and-tomorrow

M. incognita

Primulaceae報春花科

 

 

 Cyclamen persicum Mill.仙客來

Florist's cyclamen

M. incognita

Rubiaceae茜草科

 

 

 Gardenia jasminoides Ellis. var. ovalifolia NaKai.黃槴花

Cape jasmine

M. incognita

Begoniaceae秋海棠科

 

 

 Begonia X tuberhybrida Voss.球根秋海棠

Hybrid tuberous begonia

M. incognita

 Begonia cheimantha Everett.聖誕秋海棠

Christmas begonis

M. incognita

 Begonia masoniana Irmsch.鐵十字秋海棠

Iron-cross begonia

M. incognita

 Begonia semperflorens-cultorum Hort.四季秋海棠

Wax begonia

M. incognita

 Begonia X rex-cultorum Baoley蝦蟆秋海棠

Rex begonia

M. incognita

 Begonia coccinea Hook.珊瑚秋海棠

Angel-wing begonia

M. incognita

表三、臺灣切花類花卉主要寄生性病原線蟲

Table 3. Major namatodes found parasitizing cut flowers in Taiwan.

Host plant

Common name

Nematode

Amaranthaceae莧科

 

 

 Iresine herbstii Hook紅莧草

Beef plant

Meloidogyne incognita

 Celosia cristata L.雞冠花

Cockscomb

M. incognita

 Alternanthera ficoidea R.法國莧

Calico plant

M. incognita

Heliconiaceae赫蕉科

 

 

 Heliconia psittacorum L.小鸚鵡花

Parrot's plantain

M. incognita

Iridaceae鳶尾科

 

 

 Ereesia X hybrida L.H. Bailey.小蒼蘭

Freesia

M. incognita

 Gladiolus hortulanus Bailey.劍蘭

Garden gladiolus

Trichodorus spp.

Paratylenchus spp.

M. incognita

Agavaceae龍舌蘭科

 

 

 Cordyline terminalis Kunth cv. Red Edge'朱蕉

Red Good-luck plant

M. incognita

 Poloanthes tuberosa L.晚香玉

Tuberose

M. incognita

 Anthurium andreanum Linden.火鶴花

Flaming lily

Pratylenchus coffeae

 Zantedeschia elliottiana Engl.黃花海芋

 Golden calla

Pratylenchus spp.

Strelitziaceae旅人蕉科

 

 

 Sterlitzia reginae Ait.天堂鳥花

Bird-of-Paradise

M. incognita

Zingiberaceae蘘荷科

 

 

 Hedychium hybridum Hort.薑花

Butterfly ginger

M. incognita

A. bessryi

Rosacese 薔薇科

 

 

 Rosa hybrida Hort.玫瑰

Rose

M. hapla

M. incognita

P. coffeae

Orchidaceae蘭科

 

 

 Dendrobium x phalaenopsis Hort.秋石斛

Damphale

A. besseyi

Caryophyllaceae石竹科

 

 

 Dianthus chinensis L.五彩石竹

Rainbow pind

M. incognita

 Dianthus japonicus Thunb.日本石竹

 

M. incognita

 Dianthus caryophyllus L.康乃馨

Carnation

M. incognita

M. javanica

A. besseyi

Compositae菊科

 

 

 Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat.菊花

Chrysanthemum

M. incognita

 Callistephus chinensis Nees.翠菊

China aster

M. javanica

 Gerbera jamesonii Bolus.非洲菊

African daisy

M. incognita

Salicaceae楊柳科

 

 

 Ssalix gracilistyla Mia.貓柳

Cattail willow

M. incognita

表四、臺灣球根花卉主要寄生性病原線蟲

Host  plant

Common name

Nematode

Agavaceae 龍舌蘭科

 

 

 Polianthes tuberosa  L..

Tuberose 晚香玉

M. incognita

Amaryllidaceae 石蒜科

 

 

 Clivia miniata  Regel.

Kaffir lily 君子蘭

P. coffeae

 Crinum amabile  J. Donn

Poison bulb 文珠蘭

M. incognita

 Hippeastrum hybridum  Hort

Amaryllis 孤挺花

P. coffeae

 Zephyranthes candida  Herb.

Zephyr lily 蔥蘭

M. incognita

Araceae 天南星科

 

 

 Zantedeschia elliottiana  Engl.

Golden calla 黃花海芋

M. incognita

 Caladium ×hortulanum  Birdsey

Fancy-leaved caladium 彩葉芋

M. inconita

Begoniaceae 秋海棠科

 

 

 Begonia×tuberhybrida  Voss

Hybrid tuberous begonia 球根秋海棠

M. incognita

 

 

P. coffeae

Cannaceae 曇華科

 

 

 Canna ×generalis  L.H.Bailey

French cannas 美人蕉

M. incognita

 

 

P. coffeae

Compositae 菊科

 

 

 Dahlia hybrida  Hort.

Dahlia 大理花

M. incognita

 

 

M. javanica

 

 

P. coffeae

 Liatris spicata   Willd

Blazing-star 麒麟菊

M. incognita

 

 

P. coffeae

Gesneriaceae 苦苣苔科

 

 

 Sinningia speciosa  Hiern.

Gloxinia 大岩桐

M. incognita

 

 

M. javanica

Iridaceae 鳶尾科

 

 

 Freesia ×hybrida  L.H.Bailey

Freesia 小蒼蘭

M. incognita

 

 

Aphelenchoides besseyi

 Gladiolus ×hortulanus  L.H.Bailey

Garden gladiolus 唐菖蒲

M. incognita

 Iris hollandica  Hort.

Dutch Iris 球根鳶尾

M. incognita

Liliaceae 百合科

 

 

 Hemerocallis hybrida  Hort.

Daylily 金針花

M. incognita

 Lilium formosanum  A.

Formosa lily 台灣百合

P. coffeae

 Lilium longiflorum  Thunb.

Easter lily 鐵炮百合

M. incognita

 

 

P. coffeae

Heliconiaceae 赫蕉科

 

 

 Heliconia psittacorum  L..

Parrot's plantain 小天堂鳥花

M. incognita

Primulaceae 報春花科

 

 

 Cyclamen persicum  Mill.

Florist's cyclamen 仙客來

M. incognita

Ranunculaceae毛莨科

 

 

 Ranunculus asiaticus  L..

Persian buttercup 陸蓮花

M. incognita

Zingiberaceae 蘘荷科

 

 

 Hedychium hybridum  Hort.

Butterfly ginger 薑花

M. incognita

 

 

M. javanica

Marantaceae 葛鬱金科

 

 

 Calathea makoyana  E.Morr.

Peacock plant 孔雀葛鬱金

M. incognita

 Ctenanthe oppenheimiana K.

  Schum  CV. "Tricolor"

Never-never plant 紫背錦竹竽

M. incognita

Orchidaceae 蘭科

 

 

 Cymbidium ensifolium  Swartz

Goddess of mercy albino 觀音素心

M. incognita

 Cymbidium sinense  Willd

New Year's orchid 報歲蘭

M. incognita

 

 

P. coffeae

 

 

A. bicaudatus

表五、臺灣根菜類作物主要植物寄生性病原線蟲

Table 5. Major plant nematode found parasitizing root vegetables in Taiwan

Host   plant                                                        Common  name               Nematode

Raphanus sativas L.  蘿蔔                              Chinese radish                 Meloidogyne  incognita

                                                                                                                           Paratylenchus spp.

                                                                                                                           Helicotylenchus spp.

Daucus carota L. 胡蘿蔔                                  Carrot                                  M.incognita

                                                                                                                           M.javanica

Pachyrrhizus erosus  (L.) Urban 豆薯           Yam bean                          M.incognita

Arctium lappa L. 牛蒡                                       Edibe burdock                  M.incognita

                                                                                                                          M.javanica

Scorzonera hispanica L. 黑皮波羅門參        Black salsify                      M.incognita

 

表六、臺灣莖菜類作物主要植物寄生性病原線蟲

Table 6. Major plant nematode found parasitizing stem vegetables in Taiwan

Host   plant                                                                     Common  name                  Nematode

Leleba oldhami  (Munro) Nakai 綠竹                        Bamboo                                Meloidogyne spp.

                                                                                                                                         Rotylenchus spp.

Sinocalamus latiflorus McCluse 麻竹                        Bamboo                               Meloidogyne spp.

Zinania latifolia  Turcz.茭白                                          Co-ba                                   Aphelenchoides besseyi

                                                                                                                                         Hirschmanniella spp.

Asparagus officinalis  L. 蘆筍                                       Asparagus                          M.incognita

Nelumbo nucifera  Gaertn.蓮藕                                   Indian lotus                        Hirschmanniella spp.

Colocasia esculenta (L.)Schott 芋                               Taro                                     M.incognita

Wasabia japonica (Miquel)Matsumura 山葵             Wasabi                                M.incognita

                                                                                                                                         M.javanica

Zingiber officinale Roscoe 薑                                      Ginger                                 M.incognita  

                                                                                                                                        M.javanica

表七、臺灣薯類作物主要植物寄生性病原線蟲

Table 7. Major plant nematode found parasitizing root crops in Taiwan

Host   plant                                                        Common  name           Nematode

Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam 甘藷                    Sweet potato                 Meloidogyne incognita

                                                                                                                     M.javanica

                                                                                                                     Rotylenchulus reniformis

                                                                                                                     Pratylenchus coffeae

Dioscorea spp. 山藥                                         Yam                               M.incognita

                                                                                                                     M.javanica

Manihot utilissima Pohl. 樹薯                          Cassava                       M.incognita

Solanum tuberosum L.馬鈴薯                        Potato                           M.incognita

                                                                                                                     M.javanica

表八、臺灣果樹主要植物寄生性線蟲

Table 8. Major plant nematodes found parasitizing tree fruits in Taiwan

Host   plant                                                         Common  name                        Nematode

Bromeliaceae鳳梨科

  Ananas comosus Merr.鳳梨                          Pineapple                                  Meloidogyne incognita

                                                                                                  Pratylenchus coffeae

Caricaceae番木瓜科                              

Carica papaya L.木瓜                                Papaya                                M.incognita

                                                                                                  M.javanica

Actinidiaceae彌猴桃科                           

  Actinidia chinensis Planch彌猴桃             Kiwifruit                            M.incognita                                                                                                                                  P.coffeae

Oxididaceae 酢漿草科

Averrhoa carambola L.楊桃                             Starfruit                                    Pratylenchus  spp.

Malvaceae錦葵科

  Hibiscus sabdariffa L.洛神葵                          Roselle                                   M.incognita

Moraceae桑科

  Morus spp.桑椹                                                  Mulberry                                 M.incognita

  Ficus carica L.無花果                                        Fig                                          M.incognita

Burseraceae橄欖科

  Canarium album Raeusch.橄欖                    Chinese olive                       Tylenchulus semipenetrans

Musaceae芭蕉科

  Musa sapientum L.香蕉                                    Banana                                 M.incognita

                                                                                                                               P.coffeae

Lauraceae樟科                                 

  Persa americana Mill.酪梨                                Avocado                              Pratylenchus spp.

Vitaceae葡萄科

  Vitis vinifera L.葡萄                                             Grape                                  M.incognita

                                                                                                                               P.coffeae

Piperaceae胡椒科                   

  Piper betle L.荖藤                                                                                            M.incognita

  Piper longum L.荖花                                                                                       M.incognita

                                                                                                                              P.coffeae

Rosaceae薔薇科                                     

  Eriobotrya japonica Lindl.枇杷                           Loquat                             Pratylenchus spp.

  Malus pumila Mill.蘋果                                          Apple                               M.hapla

  Pyrus spp.梨                                                           Pear                                 M.hapla

                                                                                    M.incognita

                                                                                    Pratylenchus spp.

Rutaceae芸香科                                      

  Citrus spp.柑桔                                                      Citrus fruit                        T.semipenetrans

  Fortunella spp.                                                                                                 Pratylenchus spp.

  Poncirus spp.

Passifloraceae西番蓮科

  Passiflora edulis Sims.百香果                            Passion fruit                   M.incognita

Anonaceae 番荔枝科

  Anona squamosa L.番荔枝                                 Sugar apple                   Pratylenchus spp.

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